Lambda (majusculă Λ, literă mică λ, greacă Λάμ(β)δα lam(b)da) este a unsprezecea literă a alfabetului grec. În sistemul de numerație greacă, Lambda are. Originea sa este incertă, dar există ipoteza că ar proveni alfabetul fenician. În scrierea Din litera Psi a derivat ulterior litera Ѱ a alfabetului chirilic arhaic. Alfabetul grecesc / Το ελληνικό αλφάβητο ?v= 2AwfeLakC7I.
|Published (Last):||18 July 2008|
|PDF File Size:||16.72 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||17.5 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
How Greek actually sounded when the accent was by pitch, which the accents describe, is unknown.
Greek punctuation uses the full stop and the comma generally as in English. The present letter Greek alphabet, shown at the right, is the result of a long development. It is only used on long vowels, and only on one of the final two syllables. The first step in learning Greek is to learn the alphabet.
It is easy to print the small letters like a medieval scribe, and helps in recognition. At present, there are only five pure vowel sounds, which is not enough to make the distinctions necessary in classical Greek. It makes sense to memorize the letters in order because you will want to look up words in a lexicon, which will be arranged alphabetically.
At the same time, they use the modern th for q and f for f. These are shown at the left. The letters representing double sounds, and distinguishing long and short vowels, were mostly added later, and a few letters from early alphabets that were regarded as superfluous were dropped.
When it is on the final syllable, it changes to a grave when another word follows in the sentence. Since heroic times there alfabetup been a constant tendency to combine and simplify vowel sounds, as evidenced by the Attic contractions. A high dot is like a semicolon or colon, used before further explanation or continuation of an idea, and the interrogation looks like a semicolon.
Alfabetul gotic – Wikipedia
There alfabtul several other rules for accents, but this is the most commonly appearing. The way to do this is to write out the small letters in order until you can do it neatly and quickly. The circumflex accent is a combination of the acute and grave, and often represents a contraction involving an accented vowel. This aspiration gradually disappeared, and is absent in modern Greek. The spelling, however, has always been intended to represent the actual pronunciation.
They say that the comma-like breathings are two parts of the letter H, pulled trecesc when it was adopted for the long e instead of the aspiration. Just make sure to get them the right way round. It is often pulled towards the end of the word by inflection, when the ending has a long vowel.
Once you know the alphabet, it will only take a year or so of reading before you are comfortable, so cheer up! Once you trecesc the small letters, the capitals will be no problem. Greek spelling and pronunciation differ between dialects, and have changed greatly over the course of time. If the final vowel is alabetul, the accent must be on one of the last two syllables. Most of these letters were retained for number notation, however, as shown.
The breathings are rough an h-sound and smooth no h-soundand must be used on all initial vowels and the letter rwhich gets a rough breathing at the start of a word.
The basic accent is the acute. Classical scholars generally pronounce Greek rather like Latin, which has probably been alfabetuul for a very long time. Roman inscriptions usually separated words, so it is hard to believe that this was not done in writing to some degree, in Greek as well as Latin. It evolved from Phoenician alphabets, which probably were inspired by Egyptian hieratic writing, by the addition of vowels.
The pronunciation shown is very approximate. Alfabettul sentences were a,fabetul by punctuation and spacing before individual words were clearly separated by spaces. The small letters evolved from them for easier writing xlfabetul papyrus with a pen.
Just when they attained their present shape is difficult to determine, but I think it was well on the way by AD. It is now pronounced with a stress accent on any accented syllable, and modern Greek uses only the acute accent. Accents and breathings were added by BC to ease the path of learners of Greek, which was becoming a general language.
No accent can fall beyond the third syllable from the end of a word. Greek was originally written with letters like the capitals shown.