The relationship between Dr Iannis and his daughter Pelagia Essay – Free Papers and Essays Examples
Pelagia – Dr Iannis's daughter, who is not like the other women on the island ( she falls in love with Pelagia, only to destroy their relationship by going to fight in ..  The year-long survey was the biggest single test of public reading taste. Mandras and Carlo are two minor characters that have a important impact on the events Their relationship terminal as Mandras's leaves for war. and Pelagia. Mandras commits suicide after his mother, not Pelagia, rejects him; her curse is unexpected, unbearable, and the equivalent of withdrawing his.
He is a quasi-mythological figure in the novel, agelessly enduring all seasons and all changes. Saints and Superstitions Greeks take their many saints very seriously as a latter-day replacement for the ancient pantheon.
Every church is dedicated to a particular saint and each village or island has a local saint whose relics or icon are believed to be capable of working miracles, as in the case of St Germasimos. All orthodox Greeks must be baptised and given the name of a saint. Dr Iannis, with his healing gift, is a saintly figure throughout the novel because of his wisdom, tolerance and martyrdom. Other miracle-performing or heroic characters also play saintly roles.
Generally, the Greeks could be described as a superstitious people — for instance, they believe in the Evil Eye — who attempt to ward off misfortune or attract fortune by the performance of gestures, the utterance of set phrases, and the use of particular greetings for specific occasions. Thereafter, a seemingly endless succession of less civilised foreign armies claimed and robbed the cradle of democracy and learning.
However, because there is a theory that there are two aspects to the psyche of every Greek — the Hellene who respects reason and the Romaios who lets the heart rule the head — civil war could be viewed as an inevitable eventual consequence, and a horror even more destructive than an external threat.
As Dr Iannis says: Now we have only ourselves to blame. Burial and Resurrection Since ancient times, funeral ritual and a belief in the afterlife has been sacred to the Greeks. The most important event in the Greek religious and family calender is Easter, the celebration of the Resurrection, and the phoenix, a mythical, immortal bird which arises anew from its own ashes, is a potent literary and political symbol adopted by the Greek dictatorship of — Various characters, alive and dead or presumed dead, come back from the grave or make a ghostly reappearance in the novel, thereby acquiring mythical status.
August and October These two months, referred to many times in the novel, are significant for Greece generally and for Cephallonia in particular. The two feast days of St Gerasimos occur in August and October, and 28th October is the date on which Metaxas in effect declared war on Italy. The feast day of the Virgin Mary is on 15th August, and the earthquake occured in August These two months act as a framework for all the personal and historical anniversaries which lend structure to the novel and to the memories of the characters.
Honour and Shame Philotimo, love of honour, is a revered and ancient heroic concept in the mind of Greeks, the other side of the same coin being shame. Fighting for your country, for instance, is honourable, but betraying your friends is shameful. Dr Iannis and Corelli follow a personal code of honour which prevents them from committing an unworthy act, whereas Mandras must die for bringing disgrace on his mother, and Weber is treated with contempt for his treachery.
An honourable death is distinctly preferable to a shameful life in Mediterranean cultures.
- The relationship between Dr Iannis and his daughter Pelagia
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Corelli shows how he would have faced death honourably in his message to Appollonio and his demeanour in the face of the firing squad. Sea and Mountain These are the twin features of island and mainland coastal landscape in a country which has few rivers or forests but is famously beautiful.
The images of sea and mountain occur repeatedly in the Bible, in Greek Orthodox rites and in classical and modern Greek poetry, song and drama. The mountains are the home of the Olympian gods, and the frontier for the defence of the homeland. Greeks have regarded themselves as a sea-going nation of adventurers and fishermen since before The Odyssey, and have respect for the mystical significance of the ocean.
Both sea and mountain have their part to play in the novel, personally and politically, repelling or bringing invaders, and associated with life and death. In this he does no mre than reflect the reality og life in Greece then and now: Classical myths, until comparatively recently, formed a common body of knowledge for all educated Europeans, along with familiarity with latin and Ancient Greek language.
This showed them how much they had in common despite the temporary divisions imposed by war, and they went on to become lifelong friends. Dr Iannis makes extensive reference to Greek mythological characters throughout the novel.
It is not necessary to know the myths referred to in any detail, though it is useful to know what each god represents see list of mythological characters. The end of the novel has a metaphorical depiction of the Three Fates of classical Greek mythology. This suggests that Fate has been presiding over the novel throughout, finally bringing the lovers together again.
The three women wearing white, like Greek goddesses, can be said to represent the future, the present and the past. One is looking forward, one is looking in a mirror and the third is facing backwards immersed in a newspaper, i. Some of these parallels are quite explicit, but others are implicit and will only be recognised by those who have read The Odyssey. If you enjoyed the film Troy, with Brad Pitt as Achilles, you will certainly appreciate this tale of the Trojan War with its graphic descriptions of battle, stories of feuding gods, and tales of the Greek and Trojan heroes who follow codes of honour and exhibit noble behaviour to the very end.
Mandras volunteers to go and fight for the honour of his country, leaving behind Pelagia who he intends to marry. When he finally makes it home, Pelagia, like Penelope, does not recognise him but he is recognised by his faithful pet just as Odysseus was recognised by his dog. Corelli draws most parallels with Odysseus through his character: He is a wily trickster, a dreamer and a storyteller.
Carlo Guercio fights among the Italian forces that invade Albaniaand watches his beloved friend Francesco be shot by the defending Greek army. The Italian army is hopelessly incompetent, and eventually German forces arrive and drive back the Greek army, thus paving the way for Italy to occupy Greece. Infollowing the Italian invasion of Greece, Italian and German soldiers are posted to Cephallonia, where they are ostracized by the locals.
Pelagia is determined to hate them, especially when a jovial young captain by the name of Antonio Corelli is assigned to live in her home. Mandras comes home from the war, injured and filthy, and as Pelagia nurses him she realizes that she no longer loves him. He admits that he is illiterate, which explains why he never answered Pelagia's letters. Soon after he is recovered, Mandras leaves again to join the underground.
Pelagia gradually comes to know Corelli, and discovers that he is conscientious, civilised, humorous and far from fanatical, as well as being a consummate mandolin player. They inevitably fall in love, and become engaged, Pelagia being convinced that Mandras has died. After Mussolini loses power, Italy joins forces with the Allies. The Italians who occupy Greece thus are freed from their duties.
However, the Italian army refuses to be disarmed by the Germans, and instead fight them. After defeating the Italian division, the German soldiers on Cephallonia turn on the Italians, and order a massive execution. Corelli's life is saved by Carlo Guercio, who shields him with his body when they face execution by firing squad. Guercio dies, and the wounded Corelli is aided by a Greek man back to Pelagia's house. Corelli has to stay hidden from the German soldiers, whose orders are to kill any surviving Italians.
As soon as he is well enough, Corelli escapes to Italy, promising Pelagia that he will return as soon as the war ends and then they will be married.
Corelli leaves Antonia, his mandolin, with Pelagia for safekeeping. The Germans become brutal, and Dr Iannis is sent to a camp. Mandras returns, indoctrinated with Communist ideologies and having learned to read. Do you find the adjective an appropriate one for the war described in these pages? What message does this book deliver on the nature of political ideology and political passion?
How do their actions support or refute their stated political creeds? During World War II, atrocities and betrayals were committed on an unprecedented scale. De Bernieres explores the psychology of those who committed those atrocities through several of his characters.
Captain Corelli's Mandolin | Revolvy
Is this appellation entirely ironic? To what degree can Dr."Love - It is a temporary madness"
Iannis be seen as the personification of Greece, Corelli as the spirit of Italy? Do they succeed as three-dimensional characters as well?
Captain Corelli's Mandolin
Does de Bernieres confront these problems in the way he writes his own historical novel? What narrative techniques does he employ in telling his story?
Why, then, does he offer this apology? Are myth and history significantly differentiated by de Bernieres? Did Pelagia believe that Corelli died during the war? If not, why does she not leave Cephallonia and try to find him? Does her remaining at home denote passivity or ambivalence about their relationship? Changes in social mores might not have manifested themselves as dramatically on Cephallonia during the postwar years as they did in more cosmopolitan areas, but they were in fact radical and profound.
How does everyday life on Cephallonia reflect these changes? What role, if any, did the earthquake play in changing the island, and in the shift in generations?