Zeus and Hera V.S. Hades and Persephone
Hera is the goddess of women, marriage, family, and childbirth in ancient Greek religion and . Homer expressed her relationship with Zeus delicately in the Iliad, in which she declares to Zeus, "I am Cronus' .. in her attire as Potnia Theron " Mistress of the Beasts", and Mistress of the Sacrifice, even Hera and Demeter. Demeter mated with Zeus before he married Hera and together they had a daughter Persephone (Queen of the Underworld). Persephone was abducted by . Demeter was the Olympian goddess of agriculture, grain and bread. This page describes the family and consorts of the goddess including Zeus, Poseidon and.
Instead, she taught Triptolemus the secrets of agriculture, and he in turn taught them to any who wished to learn them. Thus, humanity learned how to plant, grow and harvest grain. The myth has several versions; some are linked to figures such as EleusisRarus and Trochilus. The Demophon element may be based on an earlier folk tale. In the cave of Amnisos Crete Enesidaon is related with the cult of Eileithyiathe goddess of childbirth.
The "Two Queens" may be related with Demeter and Persephoneor their precursors, goddesses who were not associated with Poseidon in later periods. These myths seem to be connected with the first Greek-speaking people who came from the north during the Bronze age.
Poseidon represents the river spirit of the underworld and he appears as a horse as it often happens in northern-European folklore. He pursues the mare-Demeter and she bears one daughter who obviously originally had the form or the shape of a mare too. Demeter and Despoina were closely connected with springs and animals, related to Poseidon as a God of waters and especially with Artemisthe mistress of the animals and the goddess of, among others, the Hunt.
Demeter as mare-goddess was pursued by Poseidon, and hid from him among the horses of King Onkiosbut could not conceal her divinity.
Greek gods (Athena, Demeter, Leto, Harmonia) - All About Turkey
In the form of a stallion, Poseidon caught and covered her. Demeter was furious erinys at Poseidon's assault; in this furious form, she is known as Demeter Erinys. In ArcadiaDemeter's mare-form was worshiped into historical times.
Her xoanon of Phigaleia shows how the local cult interpreted her: Elaios, is about 30 stades from Phigaleiaand has a cave sacred to Demeter Melaine ["Black"] The image was made in the following fashion: She had the head and hair of a horse, and serpents and other beasts grew out of her head.
Her chiton reached right to her feet, and she held a dolphin in one hand, a dove in the other. Why they made the xoanon like this should be clear to any intelligent man who is versed in tradition. They say they named her Black because the goddess wore black clothing. However, they cannot remember who made this xoanon or how it caught fire; but when it was destroyed the Phigalians gave no new image to the goddess and largely neglected her festivals and sacrifices, until finally barrenness fell upon the land.
Both Goddesses had fires associated with them. Relationship to Erichthonois After being rejected by Aphrodite, Hephaistos tried to have sex with Athena. His sperm ended up on her leg.
Greek gods (Athena, Demeter, Leto, Harmonia)
In disgust, she wiped it off with some wool and threw it to the ground. In some versions of the story, the goddess Gaia came up from the earth and gave the baby Erichthonois to Athena. Athena gave him to some of her priestesses to raise in Athens. Erichthonois was kept in a box with a snake; the Priestesses were never to open it. Athena was trying to make her son immortal. Two of the priestesses opened the box. The two women who opened the box were either killed by the snake or were driven mad by the goddess herself and flung themselves off the Akropolis Athena then raised the child in her own temple.
According to myth, Erichthonois placed the first statue of the goddess there and founded the festival of Panathenaia for Athena There was a snake-spirit who was the guardian of the Akropolis. Each month he was given a honey-cake to elicit his protection. There is a statue of Athena with a serpent. This serpent is believed to be the guardian-spirit. Pausanias describes the snake of Athena Parthenos statue as Erichthonois.
Erichthonois was both a ancestor raised by Athena and an guardian serpent spirit of the Akropolis who was petitioned to for protection When he next saw Metis he flattered her and put her at her ease, then with Metis off guard Zeus suddenly opened his mouth and swallowed her. This was the end of Metis but, possibly the beginning of Zeus 's wisdom. After a time Zeus developed the mother of all headaches.
He howled so loudly it could be heard throughout the earth. The other gods came to see what the problem was. Hermes realized what needed to be done and directed Hephaestus to take a wedge and split open Zeus 's skull. Out of the skull sprang Athena, full grown and in a full set of armor.
Greeks believed that the men were solely responsible for conception of a child, and the woman 's only role was to carry it until it was born, therefore Metis is not given any credit for Athena birth. There are two distinctly different representations of Athena's character. In the Iliad she is a fierce and ruthless warrior- goddess, who takes pleasure in war and fighting. In the Odyssey and all alter poetry she is still very powerful, but only fights to defend the State.
She was the embodiment of wisdom, purity and reason, as well as the patron of the handicrafts and sciences and agriculture. She gave men the bridle allowing them to tame and use Poseidon 's gift - horses.
Athena’s Relationship with Other Gods and Goddesses – Fiercely Bright One
She also invented the trumpet, the flute, the pot, the rake, the plow, the yoke, the ship, and the chariot. Of the three virgin goddesses Athena, Artemis and Hestia she was chief and called the Maiden, Parthenos, accordingly her temple in Athens was called the Parthenon.
Athena was perhaps the most recognizable of the gods. She was always depicted with her unmistakable helmet and the ever- present spear.
Because she was Zeus ' favorite she was allowed to use his weapons and armor, including the awful aegis, his buckler and even his thunderbolt. Her shield was also very distinctive, after Perseus defeated the gorgon MedusaAthena affixed its head to her shield. Athena's special city was Athens, patronage of which she won from Poseidon by giving the city the olive tree which Cecrops judged to be a better gift than the water spring that Poseidon provided.
Her tree is the olive, which she herself created. Her bird is the owl, also a symbol of wisdom. Demeter Demeter was the Goddess of Corn and therefore also harvest.