Greek and Roman Gods
ARES The god of war had a long love affair with Aphrodite which lasted for HERMES The herald of the gods seduced Aphrodite with the help of his father Zeus. ZEUS The king of the gods attempted to seduce Aphrodite when she first set. He was the second youngest Olympian god and was the son of Zeus and Maia, one of was an androgynous deity and the offspring of Hermes and Aphrodite. Some myths suggest a romantic relationship between Hermes and the hero Perseus. Pisa, once shared “Aphrodite's sweet gifts” with the ocean god himself. After the gods changed him back, Zeus asked who enjoyed sex.
In Greek mythology, the direct off-spring of Gaea become identified as chthonic forces from the earth that become subdued by the Olympians and their followers. This succession myth and the ascendance of Zeus and the Olympian Gods over the chthonic powers of Gaea and her off-spring echoes the introduction of the patriarchal Indo-European sky-gods into the Mediterranean world and the subordination of the Great Goddess. Scholars examining the remains of Minoan culture have wondered whether it was a matriarchal society.
There is no certainty to this conclusion, but for the historical period of Greek culture extending from at least the eighth century B. With the supremacy of Zeus and the other Olympian gods established, Gaea's position is eclipsed.
Demeter, the sister of Zeus, incorporates many of the aspects of the Great Goddess, while the different functions of Gaea are divided among goddesses. Under the Olympian Gods, earth and heaven are split eternally. In myth heroes and gods are created to dominate and subjugate the female and natural forces over and over again in various forms, the most common of them being gigantic snakes and serpent monsters.
The chthonic identity of the Great Goddess becomes associated with powers of darkness, chaos, and death that need to be subdued by the Olympian gods. What had been cyclical with the Great Goddess becomes cut so that instead of being associated with the cycle of life, death, and regeneration, she becomes identified with the negative functions.
Metope from the Temple at Selinus c. Pegasus, the winged horse that sprang from the severed neck, is being held by Medusa. Perseus gave the head of Medusa to Athena who mounted it on her breastplate, the gorgoneion. A comparison of one of the large number of representations of the story of Perseus Medusa from Archaic Greek art to the Minoan Snake Goddess illustrates the profound change that occurred with the supremacy of the Olympian Gods.
A striking aspect of the Snake Goddess is her frontality combined with her hypnotic stare. So when his wife lay down together with her paramour, her husband's mesh, so cleverly contrived, secured them both ensnared as they embraced. Straightway Lemnius [Hephaistos] flung wide the ivory doors and ushered in the gods. The two lay there, snarled in their shame. The gods were not displeased; one of them prayed for shame like that. They laughed and laughed; the joyful episode was long the choicest tale to go the rounds of heaven.
Fairclough Roman bucolic C1st B. Rackham Roman rhetorician C1st B. Mozley Roman poetry C1st A. Weary she lies upon her cushions, where once the Lemnian chains [of Hephaistos] crept over the bed and held it fast, learning its guilty secret. Miller Roman tragedy C1st A. Pasiphae, Phaedra] the chains that bound her to her loved Mars [Ares], and loads the whole race of Phoebus [Helios] with shame unspeakable [i.Hermes, Dionysius, Hercules, Hippocrates, Zeus, Artimis & Aphrodite @ Kos Museum
Rouse Greek epic C5th A. The fine for adultery, paid by the man caught [acting as] an adulterer. The following is a rationalisation of the myth by some late classical author: Helios, then, maintained the laws of his father, and denounced his wife when he discovered she had been debauched.
Indeed, in the time of the Trojan War, Homer describes the goddess as the consort of Ares, and names Hephaistos' bride as Aglaia. Other authors are more explicit in describing the termination of the marriage. Homer seems to suggest that the couple were afterwards divorced.
Aldrich Greek mythographer C2nd A. But he, deserted by Aphrodite, let himself become aroused by Athene, and started chasing her as she ran from him.
For he had already, though unwilling, rejected his former bride Aphrodite, when he spied her rioting with Ares.
Hephaistos cursed the girl and her descendants by presenting her with a cursed necklace as a wedding gift. Mozley Roman epic C1st A.
This he had made for his Kyprian bride, a gift for his first glimpse of Archer Eros Love [born to Aphrodite the wife of Hephaistos but fathered by her lover Ares]. For the heavyknee bridegroom always expected that Kythereia would bear him a hobbling son, having the image of his father in his feet. But his though was mistaken; and when he beheld a whole-footed son [Eros] brilliant with wings like Maia's son Hermes, he made this magnificent necklace.
In art she is frequently paired with him in scenes ranging from the wedding of Peleus and Thetis, the Gigantomachia, the Trojan War, and of the gods feasting on Olympos. Of their children, Harmonia was the product of their adulterous union, during Aphrodite's marriage to Hephaistos.
The others, Eros or AnterosDeimos and Phobos appear to have been born afterwards. Hesiod, Theogony ff trans. Evelyn-White Greek epic C8th or 7th B.
Simonides makes him child of Aphrodite and Ares. Weir Smyth Greek tragedy C5th B. About the posts and pillows of her couch swarm a troop of tender Amores [Erotes the Loves]. For the heavyknee bridegroom always expected that Kythereia [Aphrodite] would bear him a hobbling son, having the image of his father in his feet.
But his thought was mistaken; and he beheld a whole-footed son [Eros] brilliant with wings [whose real father was Ares]. Jove [Zeus] pitied him, and when Venus [Aphrodite] was bathing in the river Achelous he sent and eagle to take her sandal to Amythaonia of the Egyptians and give it to Mercurius [Hermes]. Venus [Aphrodite], in seeking for it, came to him who loved her, and so he, on attaining his desire, as a reward put the eagle in the sky.
Oldfather Greek historian C1st B.
When thrice five years had passed, the youth forsook Ida, his fostering home, his mountain haunts, eager to roam strange lands afar. Gaia Earth received Kronion's fruitful dew, and shot up a strange-looking horned generation [the Kentauroi or Centaurs of the island of Kypros]. Their child was the ugly god Priapos. His mother flung it onto a mountain; a shepherd raised it up. He had genitals [rising up] above his butt.
Taylor Greek hymns C3rd B. Aegean Sea Greek Aegean Aphrodite's gratitude to Poseidon and their subsequent affair is described by one of the ancient scholia in discussing the passage from Homer's Odyssey in which Poseidon secures the release of Aphrodite and Ares from the chains of Hephaistos after they were caught in their adultery.
Greek Mythology Gods Olympians
Meanwhile the lame craftsman god approached [and called the gods to see the entrapped lovers]. Conway Greek lyric C5th B. Salmacis sprang out from behind a tree and jumped into the pool. She wrapped herself around the boy, forcibly kissing him and touching his breast. While he struggled, she called out to the gods that they should never part.
Hermaphroditus - Wikipedia
Her wish was granted, and their bodies blended into one form, "a creature of both sexes". He compared the myth of the beautiful ephebe with Narcissus and Hyacinthuswho had an archaic hero-cult, and Hymenaios.
Aphroditus The oldest traces of the cult in Greek countries are found in Cyprus. Here, according to Macrobius Saturnaliaiii. Philochorus in his Atthis ap.
It appears no longer as the object of a special cult, but limited to the homage of certain sectsexpressed by superstitious rites of obscure significance.