The theme of Family in Purple Hibiscus from LitCharts | The creators of SparkNotes
I can see the connection between Kambili and Jaja, I agree with the fact AP testing, homework, quizzes, and whatnot; geez, we get as much. Another relationship to be taken into account is the one Hareton has with his Quizzes Suggestions for Further Reading How to Cite This SparkNote .. Kambili and Jaja both come of age in Purple Hibiscus as a result of their experiences. Characterization of Jaja. “If only Jaja would look at me, I would ask him not to blame himself.” 4. Mood. Characterization of Kambili, observant and very.
Papa-Nnukwu gets dressed, smiling. Kambili thinks that she and her family never smile after saying the rosary. Papa-Nnukwu prays for Papa with a sincerity that Papa never returns in his own prayers. Once again there is an aspect of joy and love in religion that is totally foreign to Kambili, and she starts to long for it.
Aunty Ifeoma asks Kambili to help her with the cooking, and Kambili is again embarrassed at her own lack of knowledge. Ifeoma looks at Kambili and tells her to talk back to her cousin. Kambili finally answers calmly, saying that Amaka can show her the right way. Aunty Ifeoma again tries to draw Kambili out of her shell—when Amaka is rude to Kambili, Ifeoma rebukes Kambili for her silence more than Amaka for her rudeness.
And this succeeds, as Kambili finally finds her voice and is able to speak without stuttering or whispering. Active Themes Amaka shows Kambili how to prepare the orah leaves for the soup.
Father Amadi arrives later, and Kambili nervously shakes his hand. Amaka talks to him the most, but his attention lingers on Kambili. Father Amadi discusses his future trip as a missionary. Father Amadi, fortunately, believes in a more inclusive faith.
Active Themes Obiora wonders aloud if there can ever be religion without oppression, or oppression without religion. Father Amadi banters with him and Amaka, but then points out Kambili, saying that she is quiet but there is a lot going on in her head.
Kambili locks eyes with him and feels panicked. Father Amadi says that he will take her to the stadium today, just the two of them. Amaka remarks that Kambili looks terrified, but her voice sounds kinder than usual. Obiora, like Amaka, brings up real issues about colonialism and Eurocentrism in religion, although Ifeoma and Father Amadi never engage his arguments for real.
Father Amadi has now joined Aunty Ifeoma in trying to get Kambili to open up, even if he has to practically force her. Kambili is very much infatuated with him by now, and is terrified by her foreign new feelings.
Active Themes Father Amadi leaves, and Aunty Ifeoma tells Kambili to change into shorts before he comes back to pick her up. Kambili puts them on but avoids looking at herself in the mirror, wanting to avoid the sin of vanity. Active Themes Father Amadi picks up Kambili and as they drive she is overwhelmed by his presence. She randomly admits that she sleeps in the same room as Papa-Nnukwu, a heathen.
Father Amadi says that Papa must have told her that. He says that Jaja has told him some about Papa. Kambili looks away, wondering why Jaja would do such a thing. She is still very confused by the new environment in Nsukka, and to her, Jaja breaking their silence and telling the truth about Papa is almost a betrayal.
Active Themes They arrive at the stadium, and Father Amadi suggests they play before the boys arrive. Father Amadi stands up and tells Kambili to prove her love for Jesus by catching him. He sprints off, and Kambili runs after him. This happens four times, but Kambili can never catch up with him.
Kambili is confused by this idea, while also still confused by her feelings for Father Amadi. Yet she slowly starts emerging from her shell.
Active Themes Father Amadi asks Kambili if she knows how to smile, and he reaches over and tugs at her lips. She tries to smile but cannot. He notices the stain on her hand where she wiped the lipstick off, and guesses what it is. Kambili feels embarrassed, but then starts to smile. Just then the boys arrive to play soccer. Kambili watches him and very slowly reaches out to touch the shirt.
She holds on to it for the whole game. Father Amadi is clearly flirting with Kambili and recognizes her feelings for him. He finally manages to draw a smile out of her. Sprinting after Father Amadi and this smile finally begin to break up the silence in Kambili.
Her sexual feelings for Father Amadi continue to grow as well. Father Amadi sings along with the tape and his voice is rich and melodious. Kambili feels like she is at home, or where she is meant to be. Papa and therefore Kambili sees God as white, and Western culture as superior, while Father Amadi sees God as just as present in poor Nigerian boys as white Catholic priests. He says she should have learned how from Amaka, and Kambili laughs.
She feels strange and wonders if she has ever heard herself laugh. Suddenly she asks Father Amadi why he became a priest, but then she regrets asking. She knows the right answer: Kambili now laughs for the first time, possibly ever. We see just how tragically pervasive the silence has been all her life.
She manages to ask a spontaneous question as well. Father Amadi says he is late for a meeting, so he must drop Kambili off and leave. He says he wants to do this again, and Kambili feels a lightness and sweetness in her chest.
Kambili is truly falling in love with Father Amadi by now. Earlier in the novel at the dinner table Kambili would be afraid to speak or address something and her mother would intervene to break the silence and to create a more comfortable atmosphere.
Now Kambili was the one breaking the silence and creating a more comfortable atmosphere. Sunday, March 27, at 6: Throughtout the entire novel I wondered when Jaja would finally protect his mother and Kambili from their father. Kambili and Jaja start to express their voices and be themselves after visiting their aunt. Aunt Ifeoma can take the credit for their new actions.
They finally had relief and could speak what they wanted. Jaja even learns to speak up to his father, something he never imagined he would be brave enough to do. What surprised me the most was when Jaja takes the blame for the poisoning of his father; after all of the horrific abuse Jaja his mother and sister went through. I think Jaja was punishing himself for something he did not do because he felt ashamed for not standing up to his father all along.
I was proud to hear that Jajas mother was the one to kill her husband. She finally stood up for herself after he killed her unborn children and abused her. In the beginning of the novel, Kambili is very quiet and barely has a voice. She is afraid to speak to her classmates at school because of her stuttering problem. She actually timed out when she can breathe and swallow her food at the dinner table. I really felt badly for Kambili during the novel.
I started to get frustrated at times because I wanted them to speak up for themselves.
"Purple Hibiscus" Important Quotations
Because of their mother Kambili and Jaja can finally breathe and speak freely. They now have a future to express themselves. After all they have been through because of him; you would think they wanted to discuss their past. To talk about all they have went through, their family life, things they have missed out on like their childhood because of him. Why he acted the way he acted toward them, their fathers past and life. Instead they are thinking only of their future without his abuse.
Sunday, March 27, at 9: I find that this whole book is about Kambili;s search for comfort, for her laugh. It takes her leaving her own home to find it. She finds it with her aunt and cousins in a home that is vastly different from what she was accustomed to. I think this is the biggest reason she falls for Father Amadi besides of course, his constant flirting with her. He lets her be free. Never before did a male that she respected allow her to be free and act in the way that he acted. She wanted to be comforted once more she returned to where it started fir ger, Even though Nsukka is unpolished and dirty, it sines like gold to Kambili.
To her these things are one in the same. It is there that laughing becomes second nature to her. When she first got there. She almost looked down on the way they lived—what with earthworms in the tub. At the close of the novel, however, Kambili finds closeness with her cousins and can correctly make dinner. When she bathes, she sings. She appreciates the smell of the sky in the rainwater she bathes in. And, she leaves the earthworms alone. She also finds that she can make her family laugh.
These things may not seem like much, but it shows her growth and her freedom.
Because even though she still wishes her father was still around, she has found her laughter. She has found herself. A clear anti-Catholic undertone is evident in Purple Hibiscus, manifested in the excessively religious character of Eugene, the seemingly magnanimous patriarch of the Achike family. His unwavering adherence to extensive prayer, ban of secular music, and concentration on sin and punishment reflect his upbringing in St.
He has completely adopted the colonizers ways, rejecting his own Igbo culture, language and tribal traditions as pagan, godless, heathen. He asked me to boil water for tea. He poured the water in a bowl and soaked my hands in it…. The good father did that for my own good. Father Amadi, the newly ordained priest, represents everything Eugene and Father Benedict disapprove of. He is concerned with the preservation of the pre-colonial culture of the Igbo people to the extent that he incorporates a traditional Igbo song into the Catholic mass he celebrates at the ostentatious local church, St.
Eugene harshly criticizes Fr.
As contradictory as it may sound, Fr. Amadi is an anti-Catholic character as well. He does not give the conventional response, of answering a calling to service. He actually mocks that answer. I had many questions growing up. The priesthood came closest to answering them.
It has proven catastrophic to the peoples of Africa that the Catholic missionaries who traveled to Africa in an attempt to spread their faith practiced a Eurocentric faith empowering the colonizers and devaluing native culture.
They believed, apparently, that in order to be converted to Christianity they must be westernized as well. It is worth noting that the Catholic order, The Society of Jesus, Jesuit priests, while attempting to spread Catholicism, believed in the preservation of local customs, language and tradition. Kamboli and her immediate family were of a higher status. Her family was only effected by the rebellion by choice. The family also saw present effects when they left their safe haven home and went to school and to the market.
Kamballi and her brother witnessed a dead body and the treatment lower class citizens received from the soldiers. However they never experienced I tfirst hand inside their home. Aunt Ifeoma and her children experienced the harsh reality of the rebellion firsthand. When Kamballi visits her aunt as the reader we see that her family often lacks the bare necessities to survive. Ifeoma tries to hold down her family without having oil for the oven, fresh meat, gas for her car and most of all a stable and reliable job.
Here we see that the people of the lower social class were heavily affected by the rebellion. I found this to be shocking because the aunt was educated had a good job. This novel expressed that the only class whose wealth and career is guaranteed is those of the dominant class. W Kamballi and her family on the other hand had the privilege to sit back and wait for the rebellion to end.
I found that both the wealthy and the lower classes had to do away with some part of their culture in order to survive. Eugene conforming caused him favor with the whites and his community which aided him in becoming the successful tycoon he became. In the end this novel this showed the desire and struggle of Nigerian citizens to survive and keep their culture while their government decides on a suitable government Monday, March 28, at But, towards the end of Purple Hibiscus, I actually began to sympathize with Eugene.
Well, at least he began to become a sympathetic character. All of this is very clear within the first few pages of the novel. He suffered at the hands of white missionaries just as much as Kambili and Jaja do at his own. We also learn of all the extreme pressures that push down on Eugene every daily. He IS using his great fortune to provide for his community, putting over Nigerians through schooling, supplying all of his relatives with food and oil, and supporting the Church.
This is a man with way too many responsibilities to count. It was only a matter of time before he pushed one of his family to the edge. But Eugene is much more complicated than your basic abusive father archetype.
In public life, he must be the calm in the eye of a storm — a cool and disciplined figure to be looked up to in a country torn apart by imperialism and civil war.
Monday, March 28, at After finishing up Purple Hibiscus, I was very proud of the person that Kambili, and Jaja had become, and transitioned into after standing up for their mother.
After visiting her aunt Ifeoma, both Kambili and Jaja, gain the strength that they needed all along, from the wise words of wisdom, that finally makes them realize what their father has been doing to their family all along. That was my favorite part to the ending of the book. Monday, March 28, at 1: The ending of Purple Hibiscus showcases just how tragic the story of Kambili and her family really is.
While reading the novel, the eventual outcome is the last thing one imagines happening to the family. On page Kambili describes the things which she wanted to tell her brother, but could not find the words: For Kambili, the new identity she was forming was what suffered the most.
The time she spent with her Aunt and cousins had changed Kambili in ways which she did not fully comprehend herself. As She looks at the painting of Papa- Nnukwu with Jaja she knows that their father would come up and find them, yet she does not put the painting away.
When he eventually does find them, Kambili refuses to let Jaja take the blame for the painting and speaks out towards her father. In what is possibly the most intense scene of the novel, it is evident that Kambili has become conscious of the part of herself which has been dormant for her entire life.
I would have wondered about it, but I would not have asked. Monday, March 28, at 2: Purple Hibiscus is a book about the difference between religion and relationship. Religion is often an outward expression of an internal confession; however that outward expression is rarely compatible with what religious people say they have in their heart.
This is the case with Eugene in the novel. On the exterior he demonstrates a religious persona in front of his workers, the church congregation, and the teachers at the missionary school but beneath the surface he looks nothing like what he portrays or preaches.
He instructs his wife and son to pray for forgiveness when he feels they have done something wrong yet nowhere in the novel is it recorded that he ever did the same—not even after he beat his wife. This novel is satirizing religion—a system Implemented to bring peace and order to barbaric and disorderly people in Africa.
There is an underlying question that seeks to be answered throughout the novel and that is what is Love and does religion fit the description?
The novel is critiquing the idea that people often turn religion into something or things you have to do. As a result, there is a grave misconception of God, and love being the greatest commandment in the bible is turned into a religion because it is done for approval and is not genuine. The novel shows how restrictive religion is but how open and free a life of godly love is.
Some of the novels most critical statements are made within this conversation, including the interjection made by Obiora. Your child becomes what you cannot recognize.
Purple Hibiscus Chapter 10 Summary & Analysis from LitCharts | The creators of SparkNotes
She stepped in and made sure Jaja and Kambili could experience life the way a teenager was suppose to, with laughter, games, and social settings that called for social conduct. Aunty ifeoma fostered over these young adults so that they could be recognized as such, healthy young adults who can speak even when not spoken to.
She uses the help of her children and Father Amandi to accomplish such a task. She needed to save them both from their tyrannical father or they would never develop into lively, active human beings that take an interest in what they truly desire rather than whats forced-fed into them.
They leave the weak behind. The tyrants continue to reign because the weak cannot resist. Do you not see that it is a cycle? Who will break that cycle? What a valid question proposed by Chiaku! Aunty Ifeoma is clearly educated and has a degree but as all humans take the point of view as every man for himself, she thinks of a future in America as soon as the Nsukka becomes a place that is virtually impossible to live comfortably in.
Eugene, taking into account his wealth, chose to not stand by and see his people defeated by the government and took part into broadcasting the truth and in doing this, he firmly takes a stand and chooses a side. Monday, March 28, at 3: The end of the novel was certainly surprising.
It is clear that she had reached her breaking point and could not deal with it anymore. However, since Jaja takes the blame and is sent to jail for this action, it does not do anything for the family becoming stronger.
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Perhaps seeing so much violence for so many years, she did not know how to act in any other way. However, despite this difficult chain of events, the novel ends with some hope that Kambili will be able to go on and prosper.
There is hope for Jaja as well. I found this novel to be the best we read so far. This novel seems to leave a lasting lesson of the lives of the oppressed, and the desire to be free.
It also shows a lot about the intricacies between family members, and how much the attitude of one family member can impact the rest of the family. Monday, March 28, at 4: We finally find out why Eugene treats his family the way that he does. He beats his wife and Kambili to the point where they are mentally scared of him and that Kambili becomes mute and anti-social to everyone.
But that quickly changes where as the story progresses, Kambili learns to open up. The torture and treatment of Eugene seems to be a negative thing to the family. But in a way, it also brings them to the fact that they should do better and escape from the values of home. Jaja learns from his aunt to be of someone greater and be independent and be strong and not be restrained by Eugene, where he does succeed along with Kambili where she does learn to finally speak up and not be weakened anymore.Can Your Relationship Survive This 360° Video Quiz? // Presented By BuzzFeed & Bravo's Imposters
It was amazing to see that Kambili had evolved at the end of the novel. She had shut herself into her own world at the beginning and middle of the novel.
But we, as readers, see that she is not a snob at all. She has been alienated because of the rules set for her by her father. When in Nsukka, Kambili starts to open up. But this happens very slowly and only after she meets Father Amadi.
This gave her free time to see the world beyond her big, gated house. I was shocked when she had told Father Amadi that she loved him. Never would I have expected her to say something like that.
We also see that even though she enjoys her newfound voice, she still struggles betweens pleasing her father and doing what she wants. There are passages where she states that she wants her father to stay and to go away at the same time. She seems conflicted but at the end of the novel we see that she has grown up so much.