Knapp's relational development model - Wikipedia
Explanations > Relationships > Knapp's Relational Development Model. This is a model of stages through which a relationship goes, within the two make-and-break stages of coming together and coming apart (Knapp, ). For romantic relationships physical impressions of appearance. First stages Coming Together. more specialists have a different approach to the description development of the relationship.. Mark Knapp and Anita Vangelisti. All relationships have a similar framework in how they develop and end. Professor Mark Knapp studied this pattern and outlined ten stages that.
- Knapp's Relational Development Model
- Knapp's relational development model
Example 2 — An exploration into what partner fabricates will add benefit to the business of another person in business relationships. Intensifying — In this stage the relationship intensifies and becomes less formal.
People will start revealing their personal information and will analyze the impression on the other person. They find various ways to nurture a relationship in order to strengthen interpersonal development such as gifts, spending more time together, asking for dates, expecting a relationship commitment etc.
During their date they talk about their lives and how the boy got the job and his personal experience and the girl also reveals about her parents, her previous experiences, etc. In personal life people may fall in love or find a close friend. The level of intimacy can progress to a further relationship. Bonding — In this stage, a person will announce to the world about their relationship.
In Knapp's Stages Of Relationship - Culture Libre
They make their relationship recognized and will honor their commitment legally. The relationship is indefinite and only to be broken through a formal notice, agreements or death etc. Example 1 — The boy proposes and the girl agrees to marry him. Example 2 — The bonding stage of business relationships comprises of partnerships and durable relationships which can lower business expenses and can result in more profit.
Like coming together, there are five stages in coming apart.
Knapp’s Relationship Model
Differentiating — When people progress in a relationship they sometimes due to other external pressures will start thinking individually rather than with the partner. They may start developing hobbies or other endeavors. The relationship will start to fade and the everlasting bond will be broken.
The feeling of dislike is often expressed by the partners on their commitment. Example 1 — The boy comes up with idea of quitting the job and to do something he wanted.
The girl rejects the idea with some reasoning. So a pressure is created inside the relationship.
Example 2 — In business, meetings are crucial to know the partners stands and other opinions. Due to work pressure, dealers and other costumers, the meetings are reduced. They start to think more as individuals than as partners. Circumscribing — After differentiating partners will limit their conversations and will set up boundaries in their communication.
Often people will never communicate the topic fearing an argument. They will have their own personal space and activities. The boy does the same. Example 2 — In business, the issues regarding the quality might arise due to the communication gap and the conflicts can lead to alternative contract units. Stagnation — The relationship will decline even more if it reaches the stagnation stage.
The communication will be more limited. Mostly the relationships in this stage will not continue or improve. Third-party questioning, where one partner may attempt to find out the hidden feelings of the interested party indirectly by asking a friend to probe the person of interest for indication as to their depth of feeling and affection. Triangle tests, in which one partner sees if they can elicit jealousy from the other partner when another person expresses interest in the person concocting the test.
While all five of these methods are common methods of testing intensification efforts, it's important to note that endurance, separation, and triangle tests are generally the least constructive, and can even be destructive when it comes to building the relationship. In addition to bonding, the integration stage makes up maintenance stage of a relationship.
During this stage, the couple is fused and elements of their respective social identities, such as friends, belongings, and living spaces, are now shared. Other verbal and nonverbal manifestations of the integration include the couple seeing their relationship as special or unique in some way, the exchange of "trophies" for the other to wear or display, and potentially similarities in manner, dress, and verbal behavior can be seen. This stage puts the relationship on public display and suggests that the relationship is exclusive.
This stage often involves marriage or another type of public contract, though marriage is not necessary to successfully bond. There is usually a turning point that happens in this stage that signals a change in the relationship, making the relationship intimate. Reaching this stage does not guarantee that the relationship will remain bonded, though many intimate relationships will remain in this stage until divorce, death, or another type of separation.
Differentiating[ edit ] Differentiating is a process of disengaging or uncoupling. During this stage, differences between the relationship partners are emphasized and what was thought to be similarities begins to disintegrate. Instead of working together, partners quickly begin to become more individualistic in their attitudes. Conflict is a common form of communication during this stage; oftentimes, it acts as a way to test how much the other can tolerate something that may threaten the relationship.
Knapp believes that differentiating can be the result of bonding too quickly; meaning, sufficient breadth and depth see: Social penetration theory was not established during the previous stages. A common solution to differentiating is for each partner to give the other some space, though extreme differentiating can lead to a damaged relationship. Communication is limited to safe topics. This stage is marked by less total communication in terms of number of interactions, depth and breadth of topics discussed, and communication occurs in shorter durations.
Expressions of love and commitment also decrease. Communication in this stage sees partners saying very little because they "know" how the other person will respond. Individuals will engage in imagined interactions to predict a conversation with their partner. At this stage, there is still some hope that the relationship can be revived. However, in many cases there are too many costs accumulating and, therefore, most do not stay at this stage for long. A key reason why individuals stay in this stage is to avoid the pain associated with terminating the relationship.
When actual avoidance cannot take place, however, partners will simply avoid each other while they're together, treating the other as if they didn't exist. Essentially, the individuals in the relationship become separate from one another physically, emotionally, and mentally.
When there is communication, it is often marked by antagonism or unfriendliness "I just don't want to see or talk to you". Different forms of distancing are also common at this stage: No longer are they both receiving a mutually satisfying outcome from being with one another.
Neither one of them is happy and the relationship must come to an end. In this model, this step is unavoidable and relationships can terminate at any time. Termination can occur due to physical separation, growing socially or psychologically apart, or the death of one of the partners. Communication in this stage is marked by distance an attempt to put psychological and physical barriers between partners and disassociation messages that prepare one or both parties for their life without the other.
Movement is generally systematic and sequential.
Knapp's Relationship Model
This does not suggest that the process is linear or unchangeable; the phenomena is never at rest and is continually in flux. People do generally follow the same pattern, however.Knapp & Vangelisti’s Model of Relationship Development
Each stage contains important presuppositions for the next. Sequencing makes forecasting adjacent stages easier.