The Montgomery Bus Boycott - ProProfs Quiz
What year was Martin Luther King Jr. assassinated? None of the above. 2. Where did Rosa Parks become famous?. Test your knowledge of civil rights with this question quiz. On August 28, , Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech Rosa Parks's arrest after her refusal to move to the back of a bus triggered a citywide In , which U.S. state became the first to offer "civil unions" to same-sex couples. Note: Many citizens of this country have a limited understanding of American history and our unique form of constitutional government. Without.
Nine months before Rosa Parks' arrest for refusing to give up her bus seat, year-old Claudette Colvin was arrested in Montgomery for the same act.
The city's black leaders prepared to protest, until it was discovered Colvin was pregnant and deemed an inappropriate symbol for their cause. Although Parks has sometimes been depicted as a woman with no history of civil rights activism at the time of her arrest, she and her husband Raymond were, in fact, active in the local chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People NAACPand Parks served as its secretary.
Upon her arrest, Parks called E. Nixon, a prominent black leader, who bailed her out of jail and determined she would be an upstanding and sympathetic plaintiff in a legal challenge of the segregation ordinance. African-American leaders decided to attack the ordinance using other tactics as well.
Black ministers announced the boycott in church on Sunday, December 4, and the Montgomery Advertisera general-interest newspaper, published a front-page article on the planned action. The group elected Martin Luther King, Jr.
Initially, the demands did not include changing the segregation laws; rather, the group demanded courtesy, the hiring of black drivers, and a first-come, first-seated policy, with whites entering and filling seats from the front and African Americans from the rear. Ultimately, however, a group of five Montgomery women, represented by attorney Fred D.
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District Court, seeking to have the busing segregation laws totally invalidated. Many black residents chose simply to walk to work or other destinations.
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Black leaders organized regular mass meetings to keep African-American residents mobilized around the boycott. Integration at Last On June 5,a Montgomery federal court ruled that any law requiring racially segregated seating on buses violated the 14th Amendment to the U. That amendment, adopted in following the U. That's the way we have to reconcile with each other.
We have to pitch our tents with each other, to intentionally enter each other's world to do good. If we just wait for it to happen, it won't. Gray was first a friend of Parks and then her attorney. He had had lunch with her earlier that afternoon in when she climbed wearily aboard the bus, sat down and then refused to give up her seat to a white man when the driver ordered her to.Martin Luther King Jr, Rosa Parks
The night of Parks' arrest, Gray says, he met with friends to discuss a strategy for boycotting the buses. They'd been looking for a spark to help them ignite their movement and Parks' arrest was it. Through the boycott, they hoped to send an unmistakable message to the white community: We're fed up with prejudice, injustice and segregated public transit.
At that meeting, someone mentioned the Rev.
Test Your Knowledge Of Dr. Martin Luther King, JR. - ProProfs Quiz
Martin Luther King Jr. King, Gray remembers, "was fresh, a newcomer, young, articulate, knowledgeable, highly educated, and had not identified himself with any community activities other than his church.
It seems as if each time they failed to heed my advice, either one of the two or some other person very important in the movement would be arrested or end up in jail.
Gray's mother had sent him to Nashville Christian Institute with high hopes that he'd become a minister, and by the time he was 12, he was one of the school's "boy preachers," traveling throughout the South trying to raise money for the school and recruit students. He lived on campus and before he'd graduated from high school, he was a part-time minister for several congregations. InGray's church in Tuskegee, Ala. Gray still is an elder there.