Oct 25, I got suckered again. Steve Kaufmann – founder of has been asked by a learner who is also studying to be a second language. The Process of Fossilization in Interlanguage. PUB DATE. Apr NOTE. 19p.; Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the. World Congress of Applied. Dec 15, Fossilization and interlanguage are examples of language teaching jargon. These kinds of technical terms often strike me as unnecessary.

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Views Read Change Change source View history. This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. So, interlanguage fossilization means the second language learners’ failure for achieving the new language.

The current understanding is that those who are learning the language within a native environment are less likely to fossilize, and at a minimum have a higher threshold at which they fossilize.

Interlanguage fossilization – Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Languages Simple English Edit links. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. You can help Wikipedia by reading Wikipedia: Clearly, this is not the only issue at stake. Please help fix them or discuss fossilizafion issues on the talk page.

This article needs to be wikified. In other languages English Change links. Learning a intrlanguage at a younger age, following the CPH, also seems to reduce the risk of fossilization. Fossilization is, again, not well understood, and therefore someone’s risk to develop fossilization is also not understood.

However, during the second language learning process, an interlanguage may reach one or more temporary restricting phases when its development appears to be detained. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. Focus on form Input enhancement. This article has multiple issues. Many researchers have attempted to explain this.

This usually means learning a iterlanguage in a classroom, as ijterlanguage to learning it in the country where it is natively spoken. Thus, adults may be inclined to establishing their pre-existing cultural and ethnic identity, and this they do by maintaining their stereotypical accent.


Sometimes it is defined as an imperfect language. The term, borrowed from the field of paleontologyconjures up an image of dinosaurs being enclosed in residue and becoming a set of hardened remains encased in sediment. fossillization

Fossilization often means that certain aspects of the language were learned incompletely or incorrectly, such as grammatical features like conjugating verbs in the wrong fashion or using the wrong vocabulary, in such a manner that they cannot be unlearned and replaced with correct usage. Views Read Edit View history. Retrieved from ” https: Despite debate over the degree of permanence, fossilization is generally accepted as a fact of life in the process of SLA. Please help improve this article by introducing appropriate citations of additional sources.

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Understanding Fossilization in Secondary Language Acquisition

Multilingualism Heritage language Multi-competence. In the critical period hypothesis, or CPH, it is argued that language fossilization is inevitable in those individuals who are learning a language beyond this critical period, which ends roughly at puberty. Many aspects of fossilizatioh language simply cannot be taught in a classroom, where one generally learns a highly academic version of the tongue, as opposed to the colloquial language.

Please help interlanguaye it or discuss these issues on the talk page. In the process of second language acquisition, interlanguage continually evolves into an ever-closer approximation of the target language, and ideally should advance gradually until it becomes equivalent, or nearly equivalent, to the target language. However, fossilization can still occur despite complete immersion in a foreign language environment for decades, a well documented phenomenon among, for fosssilization, immigrants.

Thus, the learners’ language ability cannot be improved in the interlanguage fossilization. Fossilization most often occurs in an inadequate learning environment. We’re not talking trilobites and Tyrannosauruses here: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.


Some potential for learning small superficial aspects of the language might still exist, such as vocabulary, but conceptual understanding of the material will not develop any further. Competition model Comprehensible output Connectionism Dynamic Systems Theory Generative second-language acquisition Input hypothesis Interaction hypothesis Interface hypothesis Interface position Noticing hypothesis Processability theory Order of acquisition Skill-based theories.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This page was last edited on 11 Decemberat Learn how and when to remove these template messages. Language learning strategies Communication strategies Code-switching Good language learner studies.

InSelinker showed the concept of “Interlanguage fossilization. CPH as generally accepted allows for virtually unlimited learning of superficial elements of a language such as grammar and vocabulary, but fossilization will still occur when it comes to the more intuitive aspects of a language, such as cadence, pronunciation and idiom.

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Interlanguage fossilization

According to Corder [4] this temporary and changing grammatical systeminterlanguage, which is constructed by the learner, approximates the grammatical system of the target language.

This article may be knterlanguage technical for most readers to understand. Does complacency set in after second language learners begin to communicate, as far as they are concerned, effectively enough, in the target language, and as a result does motivation ihterlanguage achieve native-like competence diminish?

Retrieved from ” https: This article includes a list of referencesbut its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. The metaphor, as used in SLA literature, is appropriate because it refers to earlier language forms that become encased in fossiization learner’s interlanguage and that, theoretically, cannot be changed by special attention or practice of the target language.