How Cardiovascular & Stroke Risks Relate
A common symptom of a stroke is a sudden and powerful headache. A stroke is sometimes referred to as a “brain attack.” A heart attack, on the. when the inner walls of arteries become narrower due to a buildup of plaque ( usually caused by a diet high in fat, cigarette smoking, diabetes or hypertension). According to the American Heart Association (AHA), someone in the United Some factors can increase the risk of heart attack or stroke, and.
Sometimes, one of the vessels within the AVM will burst, causing bleeding and compression in the brain. Causes of heart attack and stroke The causes for heart attack and stroke are similar, yet diverse. Both share many of the same risk factors, such as family history, obesity, smoking, lack of physical activity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and vascular disease.
But there are some differences, too: Men tend to have more heart attacks, and have them at an earlier age, than women. But, while more men have strokes than women, women in all age groups are more likely to die from stroke. African-Americans have higher rates of CAD and more severe high blood pressure than whites.
Stroke or heart attack: Recognizing the symptoms and getting help
CAD is also more prominent in Mexican-Americans, American Indians, Alaska Natives, and Pacific Islanders, in part because of higher rates of obesity and diabetes, two other common risk factors for both heart attack and stroke.
Another risk factor for stroke is a transient ischemic attack TIAalso called a "mini-stroke. A person who has had one or more TIAs is almost 10 times more likely to have a stroke, the American Stroke Association says.
Consider a TIA a medical emergency and seek immediate medical help. Reducing your risk To reduce your risk for heart attack and stroke, it's important to control your risk factors. Conditions with similar symptoms to a stroke The FAST acronym sums up some typical signs of a stroke, but other conditions can have similar symptoms.
These include migrainesheadaches, and seizures. Other conditions that may have similar symptoms include: A mass develops on the brain tissue. People can experience headaches, weakness, loss of feeling in the arms or legs, problems walking, and changes in vision and speech. A condition that happens because of damage to a nerve outside the brain.
Heart disease and stroke - Better Health Channel
This can lead to paralysis or weakening of muscles on one side of the face and facial drooping. A disease caused by inflammatory injury to the brain. Muscle weakness is a symptom.
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- How Cardiovascular & Stroke Risks Relate
If a person has stroke-like symptoms, it is important to call for help immediately. The sooner treatment can begin, the lower the risk of possible brain damage. Treatment If a heart attack or stroke is possible, health professionals will start medical treatment right away, often before confirming the diagnosis.
Doctors often give aspirin to stroke and heart attack patients, as an anti-clotting agent, which means it thins the blood.
This can help prevent further blood clotting. People with a higher risk of a heart attack or stroke may already take aspirin on a daily basis. However, if the problem is due to internal bleeding, as with some kinds of stroke, blood thinners will not be suitable as they can lead to more severe bleeding. Too much bad cholesterol can cause a heart attack or stroke. Ask your health care team what your cholesterol numbers should be. If you are over 40 years of age, you may need to take medicine such as a statin to lower your cholesterol and protect your heart.
S is for stop smoking.
Is It a Stroke or a Heart Attack?
Not smoking is especially important for people with diabetes because both smoking and diabetes narrow blood vessels, so your heart has to work harder.
If you quit smoking you will lower your risk for heart attack, stroke, nerve disease, kidney disease, eye disease, and amputation your blood glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels may improve your blood circulation will improve you may have an easier time being physically active If you smoke or use other tobacco products, stop.
For tips on quitting, go to Smokefree. Ask your health care team about your goals for A1C, blood pressure, and cholesterol, and what you can do to reach these goals. Develop or maintain healthy lifestyle habits Developing or maintaining healthy lifestyle habits can help you manage your diabetes and prevent heart disease.
Follow your healthy eating plan. Make physical activity part of your routine. Stay at or get to a healthy weight Get enough sleep. Learn more about these tips to manage diabetes. Develop or maintain healthy lifestyle habits. Physical activity can help you manage your diabetes and may help you cope with stress.
Watch a video about what you can do to keep your heart healthy.Stroke Symptoms and Treatment Drill: Act FAST
Learn to manage stress Managing diabetes is not always easy. Feeling stressed, sad, or angry is common when you are living with diabetes. You may know what to do to stay healthy but may have trouble sticking with your plan over time. Long-term stress can raise your blood glucose and blood pressure, but you can learn ways to lower your stress. Try deep breathing, gardening, taking a walk, doing yoga, meditating, doing a hobby, or listening to your favorite music.
Learn more about healthy ways to cope with stress.
Stroke after a heart attack: What’s the risk?
Take medicine to protect your heart Medicines may be an important part of your treatment plan. Your doctor will prescribe medicine based on your specific needs. Medicine may help you meet your A1C blood glucoseblood pressure, and cholesterol goals. Angina can also be an early symptom of a heart attack. Ask your doctor whether you should take aspirin.