Nikita Khrushchev - HISTORY
But Kennedy's one presidential meeting with Nikita Khrushchev, the had argued much the same in a Foreign Affairs article the previous year. The threat of Soviet expansion and subversion of areas and relationships vital to President Kennedy and Chairman Khrushchev, the efforts at arms control, the. When John F. Kennedy became the youngest person ever to be elected to the US presidency, world leaders were skeptical. A year-old son.
By that June, however, the U. State Department had published the complete text. The Polish revolt was resolved fairly peacefully, but the Hungarian revolt was violently suppressed with troops and tanks.
In all, at least 2, Hungarians were killed in lateand about 13, were wounded. Many more fled to the West, and others were arrested or deported.Cuban Missile Crisis - Mr Kennedy and Mr Khrushchev
On the domestic front, Khrushchev worked—not always successfully—to increase agricultural production and raise living standards. Two years later, a Soviet rocket hit the moon, and in Soviet astronaut Yuri A. Gagarin became the first man in space.
A fervent believer in communism, he nonetheless preferred peaceful coexistence with capitalist countries. They had three children together: In mid, Khrushchev was appointed Party secretary of the Petrovo-Marinsky raikomor district, near Stalino.
JFK Was Completely Unprepared For His Summit with Khrushchev
Khrushchev is left behind Yagoda. Khrushchev met Lazar Kaganovich as early as InKaganovich became Party head in Ukraine  and Khrushchev, falling under his patronage,  was rapidly promoted. He was appointed second in command of the Stalino party apparatus in late Within nine months his superior, Konstantin Moiseyenko, was ousted, which, according to Taubman, was due to Khrushchev's instigation.
Khrushchev never completed his studies there, but his career in the Party flourished. ByKhrushchev had become second in command, behind Kaganovich, of the Moscow city Party organizationand inhe became Party leader for the city  and a member of the Party's Central Committee. In his memoirs, Khrushchev stated that Alliluyeva spoke well of him to her husband. His biographer, William Tompson, downplays the possibility, stating that Khrushchev was too low in the Party hierarchy to enjoy Stalin's patronage, and that if influence was brought to bear on Khrushchev's career at this stage, it was by Kaganovich.
Faced with an already-announced opening date of 7 NovemberKhrushchev took considerable risks in the construction and spent much of his time down in the tunnels. When the inevitable accidents did occur, they were depicted as heroic sacrifices in a great cause. The Metro did not open until 1 Maybut Khrushchev received the Order of Lenin for his role in its construction.
Stalin's office records show meetings at which Khrushchev was present as early as The two increasingly built a good relationship. Khrushchev greatly admired the dictator and treasured informal meetings with him and invitations to Stalin's dacha, while Stalin felt warm affection for his young subordinate. Central to this campaign were the Moscow Trialsa series of show trials of the purged top leaders of the party and the military. Inas the trials proceeded, Khrushchev expressed his vehement support: Everyone who rejoices in the successes achieved in our country, the victories of our party led by the great Stalin, will find only one word suitable for the mercenary, fascist dogs of the Trotskyite- Zinovievite gang.
That word is execution. Of the arrestees, according to Khrushchev, 8, deserved execution. The dictator took the confession in his stride, and, after initially advising Khrushchev to keep it quiet, suggested that Khrushchev tell his tale to the Moscow party conference. Khrushchev did so, to applause, and was immediately reelected to his post.
Stalin told Khrushchev of the accusation personally, looking him in the eye and awaiting his response. Khrushchev speculated in his memoirs that had Stalin doubted his reaction, he would have been categorized as an enemy of the people then and there.
The high ranks of the Party were not immune; the Central Committee of Ukraine was so devastated that it could not convene a quorum.
Avalon Project : The Kennedy-Khruschev Exchanges
After Khrushchev's arrival, the pace of arrests accelerated. Almost all government officials and Red Army commanders were replaced. But we must not allow a single honest Bolshevik to be harmed. We must conduct a struggle against slanderers. A large number of ethnic Ukrainians lived in the invaded area, much of which today forms the western portion of Ukraine. Many inhabitants therefore initially welcomed the invasion, though they hoped that they would eventually become independent.
Khrushchev's role was to ensure that the occupied areas voted for union with the USSR. Through a combination of propaganda, deception as to what was being voted for, and outright fraud, the Soviets ensured that their new territories would elect assemblies which would unanimously petition for union with the USSR.
Stalin used Khrushchev to keep commanders on a tight leash, while the commanders sought to have him influence Stalin. Handicapped by orders from Stalin that under no circumstances should the city be abandoned, the Red Army was soon encircled by the Germans. According to Marshal Georgi Zhukovwriting some years after Khrushchev fired and disgraced him inKhrushchev persuaded Stalin not to evacuate troops from Kiev.
But let me return to the enemy breakthrough in the Kiev area, the encirclement of our group, and the destruction of the 37th Army. Later, the Fifth Army also perished Such a treaty, he argued, "would not prejudice the interests of the U. Kennedy replied that American forces occupied Berlin "by contractual rights" rather than by the agreement of East Germans. Although Kennedy argued that the current balance of power in Germany was effective, Khrushchev said that "no force in the world would prevent the USSR from signing a peace treaty.
He insisted that the city of Berlin should belong solely to the German Democratic Republic. West Germany, Khrushchev told Kennedy, would remain under American influence. Kennedy countered by saying that the U.
In light of this remark, Khrushchev suggested that an "interim arrangement" be considered. Khrushchev only rebuffed the United States for playing a significant role in the overthrowing of the Laos government.
The next day, Kennedy approached the Laos subject again. This time, Khrushchev negotiated more willingly. This agreement proved to be one of the only accomplishments of the Vienna Summit.
Topping correctly identified the major points of conversation that dominated the conference—the Berlin and Laos questions. Clearly, both the Americans and the Soviets had ample information regarding the other's position prior to the opening of the Summit. However, no one could predict the outcome of the summit, including the leaders' reactions to each other. For the Americans, the summit was initially seen as a diplomatic triumph. He had adequately stalled Khrushchev and made it clear that the United States was not willing to compromise on a withdrawal from Berlin, whatever pressure Khrushchev may exert on the "testicles of the West," as Khrushchev once called them.
In retrospect the summit may be seen as a failure.